Crochet Basic Stitch
Lucious grounds for afghans and clothing
hook looks like a knitting needle, with a stopper at one end
and a hook at the other. It does not have an indentation
for the fingers near the hook, but is round throughout its length.
The directions on this page assume you already know how to crochet,
understand basic chain and drawing up loops.
The work will
roll up as you stitch each row. This is normal. Once the
piece is blocked and pressed, it will permanently lie flat. Beginners
find this rolling gets in their way. After about 20 rows, it
does manage to stay away from where you are working and is less
a bother. Some yarns roll up more than others. A good wool or
cotton can be finger pressed somewhat, also. There are
other Tunisian stitches (knit and purl) which do not create this
rolling effect, however they are not suitable grounds for cross
For every row of Tunisian crochet
(aka afghan crochet and tricot crochet), two passes are required.
The first half (drawing up all the loops on the hook) and the
second half, which crochet's off these loops.
To start, make chain the required length.
Row 1 -First
Skip first chain. Insert hook through top stitch
of next chain. Wrap yarn around hook, and draw through chain,
forming a loop on hook. Continue in this manner through each
chain to the end, retaining all loops on hook as shown at right.
- Second Half:
hook and draw through first loop. Yarn over and draw through
2 loops. Repeat yarn over and draw through 2 loops until there
is one loop remaining on hook.
Row 2 - First Half:
Insert hook in SECOND upright
(vertical) bar at the front of the work. Yarn over and
draw loop through vertical bar, forming a loop on hook. Repeat
across row, keeping all loops on hook as in Row 1.
Illustration shows 4 loops on hook and hook being
inserted behind vertical bar for 5th stitch.
Row 2 - Second Half:
Work same as for Row 1, Second
Half. Continue in this manner for the required number of
To bind off, slip-stitch across row as follows:
Draw loop through vertical bar as usual and the loop on the
hook at the same time. Repeat across. Break yarn and draw through
How to Cross Stitch on a Ground of Tunisian (afghan)
Elegant effects can be had with crewel or tapestry
wool, rayon, silk, or cotton floss. Use enough floss, or wool
strands to cover the area sufficiently, but not so much as to
create bunching. The threads should lay very flat and not create
excess bulk. Practice on a sampler piece using different
yarns and flosses until you get the effect
Many patterns incorporate the same yarns for the embroidery
from which the afghan (or clothing) was worked.
Do not knot. To begin and end each length of
floss, weave a short distance on the back of the work. Hide the
threads as much as possible, making sure they do not show on
the front of the work.
PLEASE NOTE: For more detail,
the illustration is shown with a larger ground in relation to
the tapestry weight yarn being used for embroidery. There will
be almost no space visible with the proper weight embroidery
thread/yarn matched to the ground. However, a small amount of
ground may show in all this work, but it does not detract from
the finished product.
To embroider cross stitches, follow the illustrations
at right for the correct method of picking up the chain between
the horizontal bars. DO NOT put the needle through to the
The tapestry needle picks up (slips behind)
the front chain of the row of ground, going between this chain
and the horizontal loop on the back of the work. This keeps
the back of your work free of stitches showing so that you need
not line the item being embroidered. You will need to cross stitch
a little more loosely using this method. If you go through
the holes beside the bars, the back will have vertical lines
similar to ordinary cross stitch.
(If you prefer, you may start at the right and
go toward the left for the first half, and from left to right
for the final cross over). Always make sure your stitches start
in the same direction in each row, otherwise you will spoil the
looks of the finished piece.